1. Если вы так думаете, то вы не правы. Вы не должны так думать. 2. Возможно, что население вашего города больше, но что это доказывает? 3. Теперь ты свободна и можешь делать, что тебе нравится. 4. Е этом, должно быть, что-то есть. 5, Он, может быть, ничего не знает о том, что мы собираемся осмотреть достопримечательности города сразу посла завтрака, 6. Вред ли они вернулись из зоопарка. Они там впервые и могут долго пробыть. 7, Если ты будешь проводить так много времени перед телевизором, у тебя может разболеться голова. 8. Мальчик, возможно, вырвал картинку из книги, которую вы оставили на столе. 9. Если это так, то его нужно Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash наказать. 10 Вы можете найти его в саду, я полагаю. Он, должно быть, играет а теннис с Джимом. II. Она, может быть, ничего не знает об этом. Вы тоже не должны ей ничего говорить пока. 12. Она говорит, что поездка в Лондон произвела на нее незабываемое впечатление. Она никогда не думала, что это может быть так интересно: узнавать места, о которых она знала из книг. 13. Мы могли бы найти дорогу обратно в отель сами, если бы Бо-, рис не потерял карту Лондона. 14. Переверни еще одну или две страницы, и ты увидишь фотографию. Скажи мне, если можешь, кто это. 15. Интересно, что он Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash может делать здесь так поздно? — Возможно, он ждет Мэри. 16. Что это за шум? — Это, должно быть, в ванной течет вода. Кто-то моется. 17. Если бы на этот вопрос можно было дать ответ, он был бы дан давным-давно. 18. Кто бы это мог забыть ключ у меня на письменном столе? Неужели Джим? 19. Не может быть, чтобы Джим забыл ключ. Я видел, как он клал его в карман. 20. Не могли бы вы прийти немного раньше? Это было бы удобнее для меня. 21. Он постоял, раздумывая, можно ли ему незаметно уйти, рассердится ли Минин, когда узнает. 22. Я не умею говорить по-французски, никогда не умел Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. 23. Должно быть, трудно овладеть иностранным языком, не правда ли?
46. Comment on the meaning of have to. Translate the sentences into Russian:
1. I'm afraid, I shall have to send him away. 2. Was the fire already laid or did you have to lay it? 3. The rope was so strong that he had to take a knife to cut it. 4. But was it worth while going to bed when he had to be up again at five? 5. I suppose I shall have to go back to London, shan't I? 6. Do you have to get up early every morning? 7. He will Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash have to pay me back before Sunday. 8. How long did you have to stay there? 9. "We shall have to wait a long time for our holidays," she said with a sigh. 10. And you have to go there twice a week, don't you?
47. Fill in the blanks with must or have to:
1. Don't worry about that. You ... do as you think best. 2. My mother was unwell, and I... go to the chemist's. 3.1... go and look at the dinner. 4. Yesterday's rain spoilt my hat completely; I ... buy a new one. 5. There was no one to help him Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash so he ... move the furniture himself. 6. "Oh, hallo," she said; "I thought you ... have gone home." 7. They didn't answer my first knock so I ... knock twice. 8. You ... always come to me if anything goes wrong. 9. He was very sorry to think that he would ... part with it. 10. I had a sleepless night. I ... go and see the doc and get him to give me something, I can't go on like that.
48. Make the following sentences negative and interrogative:
1. He will have to come again. 2. My sister has to go to work. 3. They had to go back alone Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. 4. You have to answer all these questions. 5. I shall have to go out after all. 6. He will have to come on foot. 7. The students had to read the whole book. 8. She has to come every week. 9. He has to stay the night. 10. They had to begin very early.
49. Change the following statements into disjunctive questions:
1. I gather you have to read a lot in English. 2. He had to wait at the station till it stopped raining. 3. The work will have to be done before nightfall. 4. They usually have dinner at home. 5. She often has to go Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash to the dentist's. 6. You have to go to school on Saturday. 7. They will have to do what they are told. 8. We have to begin before five o'clock. 9. As far as I understand you had to stay there a fortnight. 10. You look a bit tired, you've had a long walk. 11. She has to clean the house herself. 12. They had to finish that last night
50. Group the examples according to the meaning of the "be + infinitive" construction: (i) expressing a previously arranged plan (2) expressing instructions or commands:
1. I am to see him tomorrow. 2. What am I to do now? 3. You are not Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash to communicate with anybody. 4. She said that I was not to leave the house. 5. She is to return tomorrow. 6. He said that Tom was to apologize. 7. He inquired when the secretary was to come. 8. She says I am not to lay the table before twelve o'clock. 9. At what time am I to come? 10. Something must have happened. He was to have come at eight. 11. Jim reminded me that we were to be at the station not later than seven. 12. W^hich of you is to bring the magazines and newspapers?
51. Comment on the use of must, have to Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash, be to and translate the sentences into Russian:
1. I want you to obey her. You must do exactly as she says and make no noise. 2. "Well, what am I to do about dinner?" said Miss Handforth. "Spoil it by over-cooking or let it get cold?" 3. Randall was excited. He thought he must telephone her at once, he must see her, somehow, that very day. 4. Emma must have been very beautiful when she was young. She has a fine face. 5. "We are not to be trifled with," returned the policeman in a threatening voice. 6. You must Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash come and have dinner with me some time. 7. He lost all his money at the races and I had to lend him five pounds. 8.1 hope I won't upset or annoy you by speaking frankly. I must have your advice. 9. Wake up, do you hear! You are to wake up at once. 10. So Frank has come? — Oh, yes; quite unexpectedly. He was to have stayed a week longer. 11. You are not to stay so late. You may leave after dinner. 12. The story was still clear in his mind. He knew what had to be done. He took his pen and wrote Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash in his neat, steady hand the title of his new novel.
52. Comment on the meaning of the verb need:
1. He needs sea air. 2. We don't need anything else. 3.1 need not finish my sentence, for you already know what I was going to say. 4. Need it be finished by Saturday? 5. What more do you need? 6. He need say no more to her this evening, and risk giving himself away. 7. You needn't have carried all these parcels yourself. The shop would have delivered them if you had asked them. 8. You needn't take any more pills after next Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash Monday. 9.1 must go at once, but you needn't. 10. You needn't have waited for me, I could have found the way. all right. 11. Looking back I can see exactly how it happened. It need never have happened. 12. And he was always careful to have money in his pocket, and to be modish in his dress, so that his son need not blush for him.
53. Fill in the blanks with didn't have to or needn't have:
1. You ... (to bring) your umbrella, as we are going by car. 2. You ... (to water) the flowers, as it is going to rain Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. 3. I ... (to translate) it for him, he did it himself, he understands Latin. 4. I... (to answer) the questions, which saved me a lot of trouble. 5. I knew I ... (to lock) the door after me, but how was I to know you wanted to come out, too? 6.1... (to ring) the bell because the door opened before I got to it. 7. I... (to help) them at all, they themselves knew what to do. 8. I ... (to write) him because the news was already known to him. He phoned me shortly afterwards. 9. You ... (to listen) to him. His information was misleading Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. 10. You ... (to buy) such a lot of flowers. We've already got more than necessary. 11. He... (to get up) so early every day. It was only on that particular occasion that he did. 12. You ... (to say) if you didn't want to. We could have done without you just as well.
54. Fill in the blanks with mast, have to, be to or need:
1. You ... not (to bring) your books to class tomorrow, we are going to listen to a wireless programme. 2. I'm glad the lessons will begin later now. The children won't... (to get up) so early Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. 3. You ... not (to learn) the poem. You ... only (to read) it. 4. Children ... not (to play) with matches. 5. It was late, and they ...(to light) a fire to cook their supper. 6. You ... (to give) it back to me before you go. 7. You ... not (to be) late for the concert. 8.1 made a few mistakes, so I... (to do) the whole exercise again. 9.1... hardly (to say) how important it is. 10. She ... (to be married) next month. 11. You... not (to miss) that film, it is extraordinary good. 12. You ... not (to strike) a match; I can see well enough. 13. Jim ... (to make) a speech at the meeting Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash, but he had fallen ill, so Tom ... (to speak) instead, 14. You ... not (to bring) any food with you tomorrow. I'll have enough for both of us. 15. We ... (to be) there at 12 sharp. 16, We ... not (to wait) long. A bus came almost at once. 17. You ... (to learn) the whole poem.
55. Translate the sentences into English, using must, have to, be to or need:
1. Зря мы вышли из дому так рано, поезда не будет в течение часа. 2. Мы можем не спешить. Нам не нужно быть там раньше 8.30. 3. Вы не должны следовать их примеру. Это было бы глупо с Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash вашей стороны. 4. Интересно, надо ли приносить с собой учебники? 5. Мне не пришлось запирать дверь, кто-то уже запер ее. 6. «Если завтра будет сильный мороз, — сказала мать, — тебе можно будет не ходить в школу». 7. Вам незачем беспокоиться, они скоро вернутся. Наверное, задержались на набережной Темзы у здания Парламента: их всё здесь интересует. 8. Не нужно забывать, что в Ист-Энде живут те, кто своим трудом обеспечивают жизнь этого огромного города. 9. Вам не обязательно продолжать, я знаю, вы скажете, что среди архитектурных памятников Лондона особое внимание привлекает Вестминстерское аббатство, построенное в XIII веке. 10. Они должны были встретиться на мосту Ватерлоо в 6 пополудни. 11. Что Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash мне рассказать нашим гостям о поездке в Лондон? — Опиши им церемонию караула у ворот лондонского Тауэра. 12. Она сказала, в какое время мы должны были прийти, и попросила не опаздывать. 13. Мы решили, что дети не должны идти туда одни. 14. Нет нужды упоминать, что Кремль — выдающийся музей и памятник старины. Это всем известно. 15. Мне пришлось принять это приглашение, хотя я очень неважно себя чувствовал. Я не хотел обидеть своих новых друзей. 16. Он знал, что ему, возможно, придется прожить там больше месяца. 17. Спроси старосту, кто сегодня должен принести наушники на урок фонетики. 18. Вчера мы должны были навестить Аню в больнице и поэтому Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash не могли зайти к тебе.
56. Comment on the meaning of the verb ought. Translate the sentences into Russian:
1. I think for your wife and children's sake you ought to have a try. 2. There are people who think they ought to be reformed. 3. We all know that things are not always what they ought to be. 4. You ought to do something, you know; it'll be fatal for you to have nothing to do. 5. Have I said anything I oughtn't? 6. "I ought to have told Soames," he thought, "that I think him comic." 7. I suppose she is Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash right. I oughtn't to have tried to speak to her! 8. By the end of the evening I almost felt that I ought to call him "Uncle Jack." 9. It'll be lovely round there today. — Yes, it ought to be quite nice. 10. It is the last of the Madeira I had from Mr. Jolyon when we came in here; it ought to be in prime condition still.
57. Paraphrase the following sentences so as to use ought (oughtn't) followed by a correct form of the infinitive:
E x a m p l e: I felt it would be Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash only proper to follow his advice.
I felt I ought to follow his advice.
1. I knew it would be improper if I opened the letter. 2. I recommended you to finish your work before going out. 3. I advise you not to eat between meals; it will make you fat. 4. I disapprove of your smoking so much; you are wasting your money and doing harm to your health. 5. It's a pity I didn't take those books back to the library last week. 6. It was wrong of you not to tell our guide that you wanted to go sightseeing all Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash by yourself. 7. You didn't wait till the lights were green before crossing the road, and it was wrong, you know. 8. It was unreasonable of you to have crossed the road when the lights were red. 9. I wish you had been there. The performance was wonderful. 10. If he starts at eight he will probably be there by one o'clock.
58. Fill in the blanks with ought, have to, be to or need followed by the appropriate infinitive:
1. Mother always tells me that I ... (to be) more careful. 2. You ... not (to tell) him my telephone number, he knows it. 3. You Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash ... not (to say) that! See how distressed she is. 4.1 don't want to do it, but I.... 5. All the same, I think you ... (to see) a doctor. There must be something the matter with you. 6. Don't forget that you ... (to get up) at seven! 7. But there was no other way out. 1... (to communicate) with him. No one else knew her address. 8. Such things ... not (to be allowed). 9, You ... not (to write) such a long composition. The teacher only asked for 200 words, and you have written 400. 10. "Perhaps I... not (to trouble) you." He closed his lips tight. He was offended.
59. Comment Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash on the meaning of the verb should. Translate the sentences into Russian:
1. Can you show me any English woman who speaks English as it should be spoken? 2. A wife should obey her husband. 3. Besides you shouldn't cut your old friends now that you have risen in the world. 4. They should be taught a lesson. 5. I confess I did not foresee this turn of events. But I should have foreseen it. 6. You have discovered what I intended you should never have known. 7. He should not have said it. The moment the words crossed his lips he knew it Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash was not the right thing to say. 8. Considerable debate took place between the two sisters whether Timothy should or shouldn't be summoned to see Annette. 9. "You should come here often," he said to Shelton... "You ought to come here often," he repeated to Shelton. 10. You ought to finish your work before going out. — I know I should.
60. State whether should is auxiliary or modal:
1. "So you think I should go, then?" said Randall behind him. 2. At breakfast I told Mary that I should be absent at least four days. 3. I shouldn't have believed it if I hadn Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash't seen it with my own eyes. 4. You really shouldn't have said that, Felix. I'll talk to him myself. 5. How about Pinfold? Shouldn't he be here? 6. Thank God for our Gilbert. What should we do without him? 7. No one knew when I was to be back or if I should be back at all. 8. Felix said hastily, "Forgive me. I shouldn't have troubled you". 9. Nell has just told me you wanted to see me or I shouldn't have troubled you. 10. They had not seen — no one should see her distress, not even her grandfather Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash.
61. Translate the sentences into English, using must, ought, should, need, have to or be to:
1. Извините, что задержал вас, но мне надо было позвонить домой и предупредить, чтобы меня не ждали к обеду. 2. В конце концов мы решили, что нам не следует там дольше оставаться и что нужно отправляться в горы. 3. Ты должна одеться в самое лучшее, я хочу, чтобы ты произвела на всех наилучшее впечатление. 4. Вы должны были приготовить домашнее задание как следует. Тогда бы вам не пришлось задавать подобных вопросов. 5. Напрасно ты ждала столько времени. Тебе бы лучше было оставить мне записку. Я бы сделала все, что Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash ты хотела, 6. Они, должно быть, работают в лаборатории. Не следует им мешать. 7. Почему ты не пришла вчера? — Я должна была встречать двоюродную сестру на вокзале. — Тогда ты должна была бы позвонить, мы бы тебя не ждали. 8. Поступай, как знаешь, я не собираюсь мешать тебе, кроме того, мне предстоит вскоре уехать. 9. Вечер, вероятно, будет интересным. Студенты так долго готовили его. 10. Нет ничего смешного в том, что он сказал. Нужно быть серьезнее. И. Ему придется работать здесь, пока лаборатория ремонтируется. 12. Ты сказал, это шутки ради, а она обиделась. Нужно быть более внимательным к людям. 13. Подготовка к их приезду заняла у нас целый день Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash. Каждому пришлось что-то сделать, 14. Такие люди достойны восхищения. 15. Мне не пришло в голову поговорить с ним, а следовало бы. 16. Не разрешай детям играть в моей комнате. Они перевернут там все вверх дном, а тебе потом придется приводить все в порядок. 17. Вам не нужно было беспокоить профессора. Я мог бы дать вам всю необходимую информацию. 18. Им следовало бы удержать его от такого неразумного шага. Они еще пожалеют об этом. 19. Я точно следую указаниям, которые получила. Я хорошо знаю, с чегомне надо начинать.
62. Comment on the use of should for the sake of emotional colouring. Pay attention to the Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash structure of the sentences and the word combination it is found in:
1. Why should you be different from other men? 2. But why should he take the scanda! on himself? It was not fair! 3. They only want their independence, and why shouldn't they have it? 4. "Do you see much of Randall?" "He practically lives here. But you knew?," "No," said Hugh, He was surprised and annoyed. " Why ever snouid I know?" 5. What do you think ought to be done? — Done? How should I know? 6, "Fresh air!" exclaimed James, "What should I do with fresh air?" 7. M r s. H i Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash g g i n s: But where does the girl live? H i g g i n s: With us, of course. Where should she live? 8. Strange that the dog should die just now! 9. Ironical that Soames should come down here — to this house, built for himself! 10. He heard the nurse crying over there by the fire; curious that she, a stranger, should be the only one of them who cried! 11. It's very interesting that you should say that, Edward — very interesting. 12. It struck her bitterly that she, who had been his first adored, should have Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash to scheme to see him. 13. ... it annoyed him very much that his companion, who was also tired, should grow more cheerful. 14. It's very strange that he should have told you the truth! 15. ... suddenly he heard his name called from behind, and who should ride up to him on either side but Bill Den-nant and Antonia herself!
63. Pay attention to the use of should in subordinate clauses after some verbs and expressions. Translate the sentences into Russian:
A. I. It is necessary that I should see her before you do. 2. It is normal that there should be a Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash period of rebuilding after war. 3. "She has six children," said Aunt July, "ifs very proper that she should be careful." 4. It is essential that you should find out to whom those orders are going. 5. I mean if we are to develop Diesel planes ifs vital that we should have our own magnesium supplies.
B.6. He demanded that work should start at once. 7. We recommend that he should be chosen our delegate. 8. He ordered that they should all leave the house. 9. He suggested that the working hours should be reduced. 10. The doctor insists that the children should be sent to the Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash country.
C.11. If she should phone I will tell her where you are. 12. Should you require anything more, please ring the bell for the attendant.
64. Fill in the blanks with mast, should or need:
1. I'm suggesting that, you ... marry гаг, Midge. 2. She ... be picking cherries in the orchard, tell her to come into the house. 3. "Well." said Emily with calm, "you ... not get into such fusses when we tell you things." 4. Is it necessary, do you think, that the police ... know about it? 5. You ... not be afraid of him. He's a kind old man. 6. It Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash is essential that he ... be prepared for it. 7. Soft music filled the room. "That ... be a gramophone record," thought he. 8. I propose that the prize ... be divided. 9. Oh, I don't know. It's really rather odd that he ... ever have been taking her to the Ball. 10. You ... have seen that film when it was here last week. 11. It is strange that you ... remember the place. 12. Why ... not I talk to Catherine? Do you think I'm not worthy to, or something? 13. Poor boy! He ... have suffered so. 14. You ... not answer-all my questions if you don't want Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash to. 15. Why ... you say such disagreeable things? 16. Go upstairs at once. You ... change your wet clothes. 17. It was only proper that Dora, who was young and healthy, ... give her seat to that old lady. 18. I think I'll come on time, but if I ... be late, please keep a seat for me. 19. He ordered that the gate ... be locked. 20. She confiscated the morning papers so that the children ... not see them. 21. You ... not wake up before seven o'clock. We'll start at half past eight. 22. I was just wondering if my wife was here.' — No, she isn't Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash here. Why ... she be? 23. You ... not work so hard after your illness. 24. Henrietta suggested to Gerda that they ... go and look at the kitchen garden.